Google web performance engineer Ilya Grigorik has put together the definitive tome on bleeding-edge, high speed web apps. The book is packed with information on performance optimization best practices for TCP, UDP, and TLS protocols, and explains unique wireless and mobile network optimization requirements:

How prepared are you to build fast and efficient web applications? This eloquent book provides what every web developer should know about the network, from fundamental limitations that affect performance to major innovations for building even more powerful browser applications—including HTTP 2.0 and XHR improvements, Server-Sent Events (SSE), WebSocket, and WebRTC.

It's free in HTML format via Velocity Conference.